4 Types of Wells That You Should Know

According to the United States Environmental Agency, about 23 million U.S. households had private wells in 2021. Every homeowner has different reasons for wanting a well other than drinking water.

Some people want a well to water their garden or stock it full of fish. The selection of water well pumps depends on the type of well you want and the resources you have to install it.

Knowing what well to use is essential before you start, whether you are building a new well or trying to solve a problem with one you already have. Here is a brief guide to the 4 types of wells and what you’ll need to know before you begin construction.


1. Dug Wells

Dug wells are the most common type of well. They are also the most shallow, with an average depth of 30 feet. Dug wells involve excavating a hole in the ground and lining it with a brick or stone wall. A pipe will also be in the center of the well to draw water from below the aquifer.

Dug wells are the most affordable type of well but are also the most susceptible to contamination. Groundwater can become contaminated by surface water, bacteria, and chemicals. To prevent contamination, dug wells should have a filter lining.

2. Bored Wells

Bored wells involve a drilling process where a significant hollow drill bit creates a hole in the ground. The hole will also have a pipe lining and a pump to draw water from the well.

Bored wells are typically used for irrigation or to supply water to livestock. Some people also use this type of well to access drinking water.

3. Driven Point Wells

A driven point well is a type of well made by driving a pipe into the ground. A steel or PVC pipe is forced into the ground with a hammer. The tube is then used to pump water from the ground.

Driven point wells are most often used in areas where the water table is shallow. They are also used in areas where the soil is not too sandy and has enough bedrock to support the pipe. Driven point wells are not as common as other types of wells, but they can be an option in some situations.

4. Drilled Wells

Drilled wells involve drilling a hole in the ground and then putting a casing, or pipe, into the hole. The case prevents the hole from collapsing and keeps the water in the well. The water in the well comes from underground aquifers or water-bearing rocks.

Aquifers are layers of rock that are saturated with water. The water in the aquifer is under a lot of pressure. It causes the water to rise through the hole in the ground and into the well.

If you require water well, it is best to get a professional well drilling service. They are your best choice if you don’t know how to dig a well. They can ensure the durability of your well and the quality of its functions.

4 Types of Wells for Your Water Needs

Suppose you’re considering purchasing a home with a well or drilling a new one. In that case, it’s essential to know the 4 types of wells available. Each kind of well has pros and cons, so choosing the right type of well for your needs is necessary. If you’re not sure which type of well is right for you, consult with a professional before making a decision.

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