Emergencies and disasters can occur in a snap. There are natural disasters that experts can’t see coming unless it’s already there. One example of this is an earthquake.
In most cases, these emergencies and disasters can severely affect the lives of thousands of people—both physically and emotionally. There are instances where it even cost lives. During these times, you can’t expect the aid to come to you immediately. So, it’s always best that you know what to do even before the emergency occurs.
Here are four tips you can follow to prepare for emergencies and disasters:
Assess Your Location
Knowing what hazards usually occur in your place will be your advantage in preparing for disasters. If you know what to expect, you’d be able to gather the right supplies. You and your family could also make a better emergency survival plan.
Also, try to familiarize yourself with your community. Identify which places are safe to go to in different emergencies and what areas to avoid. This is important because the areas you consider safe will vary depending on the disaster you’ll encounter.
Look for organizations in your area that assist in disaster management. They’re a great help for rescue operations and relief efforts, so make sure you know how to reach them.
Make An Emergency Supply Kit
Emergency supply kits are vital to your survival. It’ll accommodate your needs in case you’re evacuated away from home.
When preparing your kit, make sure to include enough essentials that will last for several days—preferably three days. This consists of a gallon of water per day for each family member. When packing your food, make sure to pick the non-perishable ones so you’ll avoid spoilage. Canned goods and crackers are ideal for this. Don’t forget to include a first-aid kit in your emergency supply. This is important so you can be prepared if a family member gets injured.
In case of disasters, the possibility of a power outage is high. Be sure to prepare flashlights and extra batteries. Include radios as well to get updates about the situation. You may also include power banks to charge your phones so you and your family can stay connected with each other.
There will also be a shortage in water supply, so it’s best if you have a tank of water in your home. If you don’t have one yet, you may check the tanks available here.
Create An Emergency Plan
Creating a plan will help you and your family know what to do when an emergency occurs. To make it work, disseminate tasks for each family member to make your evacuation more efficient.
If you know where the safe places are in different emergencies, plan the routes you have to take to get there. Make multiple route options and assume that some of these are unavailable. If you’re driving in bad weather, here are some tips to stay safe
Assign locations on where to meet if you and your family aren’t together when the disaster occurs. As much as possible, stay connected, especially when they haven’t yet arrived at the location.
Make a list of people to contact in different emergencies. For example, if your kids attend school, get the contact details of their teacher to make sure they’re safe.
In addition, have copies of all essential documents and put them in a place you could easily reach. Create a home filing system if possible. This will help you sort out which documents you should carry in times of emergency.
Practice Your Plan
Practicing your plan will significantly increase your chance of survival. All your preparations for surviving the disaster would go in vain when you and your family don’t know what to do when it actually happens. It’ll also help you and your family stay calm during these trying times.
Ideally, you should practice your plan every six months. This will let you know what changes you could make as time passes. Also, check your supply kit every three months. This helps you ensure that the items in your kit can still work and food aren’t expired yet.
Practice doing first-aid and CPRs as well. You won’t be sure that help will come immediately, so it’s best if your family knows how to help an injured member.
It can be stressful to plan for emergencies, especially since no one wants to assume the worst. But being prepared for these instances may mitigate the risk of you and your family being harmed. Besides, it pays to invest in these plans as it might save your life in the future.
Remember that no one wants a disaster to happen, and it’s impossible to stop it from happening. But what’s possible is your increased chance of survival if you prepare enough for these emergencies.