Childhood Disorders Parents Must Be Aware Of

Parenthood comes with a lot of responsibilities. Not only do you have to take care of your child’s physical needs, but you also have to ensure their emotional and mental well-being. Unfortunately, disorders can emerge during childhood, and parents must be aware of them.

In the US, one in five children aged 3-17 has a diagnosable mental, emotional, or behavioral disorder, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. These disorders can significantly impact a child’s development, schooling, and social life.

Raising a child with a disorder can be immensely rewarding despite the challenges. With the proper support, children can thrive and lead fulfilling lives.

Here are the most common disorders that parents should be aware of:

 

1. Cerebral Palsy

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in childhood, affecting approximately 1 in 323 children.

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that affects a child’s ability to move and maintain balance. It may damage the brain’s motor area during pregnancy or delivery.

Most children with cerebral palsy need special education and therapies to develop their skills and improve their quality of life.

There is no cure for cerebral palsy, but early intervention can make a big difference. You can learn more information and types on cerebralpalsyguide.com to help you support your child better. The more you know, the better you can help them.

2. Autism Spectrum Disorder

During the early years of development, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have difficulties with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. ASD refers to various conditions, including autism and Asperger’s syndrome.

ASD can be diagnosed as early as 18 months old. The condition is diagnosed four times more often in boys than girls. Early intervention is crucial for children with ASD. It can help them develop the skills they need to live happy and successful lives. As per an estimate, 1 in 59 children has ASD.

Early intervention is critical for children with ASD. With the proper support, they can develop the skills they need to lead fulfilling lives. Besides, research suggests that children with ASD who receive early intervention have better outcomes. Taking a short online autism test can help you identify and recognize some of the first symptoms.

3. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a child’s ability to focus, pay attention, and control impulsive behaviors. It affects approximately 1 in 20 children.

According to DSM-5 criteria, ADHD can be diagnosed in children as young as four and persist into adulthood. Most children with ADHD require medication and behavior therapy to manage their symptoms. With the proper treatment, children with ADHD can learn to control their impulses and focus their attention.

However, with early intervention and treatment, most children with ADHD grow out of it. After 18, only about a third of people with childhood-onset ADHD will continue to have symptoms. However, AD remains a severe concern for many people well into adulthood.

4. Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders can cause significant distress and interfere with a child’s ability to function. Anxiety disorders can cause a child to feel excessively worried or scared, even when there is no apparent reason. These feelings can interfere with a child’s development, schooling, and social life.

Anxiety disorders include separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Children with anxiety disorders can learn to control their fear and anxiety with the proper treatment. However, most children with anxiety disorders require therapy to manage their symptoms. Parents can also play an essential role in helping their children manage anxiety.

5. Depression

Depression is a severe mood disorder that can affect anyone at any age. However, it is most common in adolescence and young adulthood. Depression is more than just feeling sad or “down in the dumps.” A persistent feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness, and helplessness can interfere with a person’s daily life.

Depression can profoundly affect a person’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. And if left untreated, depression can lead to severe consequences, including substance abuse, self-harm, and even suicide. However, most people with depression can learn to manage their symptoms and live fulfilling lives. Early intervention is critical for children and adolescents with depression.

6. Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes extreme mood swings. The highs, or manias, can last for weeks or even months. They are followed by lows, or depressions, which can last for a similar length. Bipolar disorder can be a severe and disabling condition.

Children and adolescents with bipolar disorder can be treated with medication and therapy. However, bipolar disorder can take a severe toll and needs immediate interventions.

7. Eating disorders

An eating disorder is a serious mental illness that can cause severe physical and psychological consequences. During childhood and adolescence, eating disorders are relatively common. Besides the obvious dangers of malnutrition, eating disorders can also lead to serious medical problems, such as heart disease, bone loss, and kidney failure.

Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses that can cause severe physical and psychological consequences. However, most people with eating disorders can recover and live healthy lives.

Parents can play an essential role in helping their children recover from eating disorders. For instance, parents can provide support and encouragement and help their children find proper treatment.

8. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

OCD is an anxiety disorder that causes a person to have persistent and intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and to engage in repetitive behaviors (compulsions) to relieve anxiety. During childhood and adolescence, OCD is a relatively common mental disorder. Children with OCD can be treated with medication and therapy.

For instance, exposure and response prevention (ERP) therapy can be beneficial in treating OCD. With the proper treatment, most people with OCD can learn to control their symptoms and live productive lives.

Summary

If you think your child may be suffering from these disorders, it is crucial to seek professional help. Early intervention is critical for children with mental health disorders. With the proper treatment, most children can learn to manage their symptoms and live healthy, fulfilling lives.

Parents can play an essential role in helping their children recover from mental health disorders. For instance, parents can provide support and encouragement and help their children find proper treatment. If you are concerned about your child’s mental health, please don’t hesitate to contact a mental health professional for help.

 

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