Different Types of Pipes

Plumbing has made great strides since the clay pipes that supplied water and carried sewage away in ancient Greece. Pipes that carry hot and cold water to every outlet in a house, as well as a necessary drain and vent system, are made of a variety of materials today. PEX, copper, PVC, ABS, and galvanized pipes are often found in homes these days, in both ancient and modern construction.

What type of pipe should you use for water supply, drainage, sewage, and even exterior use? The answer isn’t as straightforward as it was in the past when galvanized steel or cast iron was the most common pipes. Building codes must be followed regardless of the type of pipe that is chosen, to guarantee public safety and safeguard against property damage. Below are the different types of pipes and the kind of projects they are a good fit for:

 

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PEX Pipes

PEX (polyethylene cross-linked pipe) is a low-cost plastic tubing that’s suitable for water supply lines since it doesn’t leak residues of corrosive elements into the water like other types of pipes (such as galvanized). It’s also easy to set up.

When opposed to a more rigid PVC pipe, its inherent flexibility makes it easier to work with. There are three colors to choose from: red which signifies hot water, blue for cold water, and white for either hot or cold water. Its color-coded architecture adds to the convenience of keeping the plumbing in order.

PVC Pipes

PVC pipe products, often known as polyvinyl chloride pipe, is a kind of plumbing pipe used for drains and vent lines. PVC first gained popularity as a lighter and easier-to-work alternative to typically galvanized steel tubing. PVC pipe is reasonably simple to install, requiring only a saw and a miter box for cutting.

PVC is held together by solvents. Before installing PVC pipes, make sure you verify your local building codes. While it is widely used in the United States, it is not legal in all states. It should be firmly supported, and the fixtures should be carefully fitted and inspected.

ABS Pipes

A black pipe found in a sink, tub, or toilet drain is most likely constructed of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). ABS is another common material in DWV systems; it is available in the same sizes as PVC and functions in a similar way. It’s somewhat more resilient than PVC in high-impact situations, but it can’t be subjected to direct sunlight.

Copper Pipes

Copper pipe has been used for decades and may be seen in both older and newer homes around sinks, bathroom tubs, and other fixtures. It’s still a popular choice for water supply lines since copper has no effect on the water’s quality. It’s not a do-it-yourself project because it necessitates the use of a propane torch.

The solder will not flow into the junction to form a suitable seal when not enough heat is given [at the joints]. At the same time, too much heat might prevent the connection from properly sealing. Copper pipes in your house must be installed or repaired by a skilled plumber.

Galvanized Steel and Cast Iron Pipes

Steel and cast iron pipe are two more forms of pipe that are seldom seen in older homes and are rarely installed, especially by DIYers. For decades, galvanized steel pipe was utilized for drainage, water delivery, gas supply, and a variety of other applications. Although galvanized steel pipe is still utilized for gas delivery (especially in new construction and remodel projects), it is rarely used for water supply.

Separate pipes are connected to each other with fittings, and each end of the pipe is threaded. For sewage and other drainage functions, the cast iron pipe was commonly employed. Many residences still have a cast-iron pipe, and it’s also employed in several industrial and high-rise building projects. Cast iron pipe is usable until it has fully rusted through. Cast iron is a hefty metal that is tough to work with and it is typically replaced with stiff plastic pipes like ABS in retrofits. It is also sturdy and long-lasting.

If you’re seeking expert installation, repair, or maintenance of pipes in your plumbing system, contact Plumber Greensboro NC-based.

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