Cabbage is a kind of high demand for its growing environment, it needs a large number of nutrition and its widened leaves occupy voluminous space. If you have space in your garden or balcony, you can consider growing some as this vegetable tastes very good. You can fry it or just add fresh cabbage to a salad.
Time to Plant
Cabbage usually starts from seeds in seedlings trays and then needs to be transplanted. Normally, in cold winter, I will often plant in a greenhouse from March to April, after seeds sprout, transplant about one month later.
Ways to Produce High Yields:
Grow in a Containers
1. Seedling Trays
Prepare several seedling trays or fabric bags. Fill potting soil in it, then use your fingers to make a fingernail or 1.5cm deep dent in each cell. Sow 1 or 2 seeds per cell. If both two seeds germinate, the weaker seedlings must be removed. Cover the seeds with another layer of compost, then scrape off the excess with a stick on the top of the tray.
Water seeds gently. Seed trays always come with humidity domes that have vent on top for ventilation. Put your trays in your greenhouse, grow tunnel, cold frame, or window sill to sprout. They should be ready to plant in about four weeks.
If both two seeds germinate in a single cell, pinch out with nails or cut off weaker seedlings with small scissors. Do not pull them out to avoid damage to adjacent seedlings.
The compost should be kept moist rather than soaked. Avoid letting the seedlings dry to the point where the compost starts to pull away from the edge of the tray. Avoid over-watering.
Before transplanting seedlings, you need to take them out to orientate the outside environment. Gradually increase the hours, for example, the first day stay outside 2 hours, second day 4 hours, etc. It is suggested to transplant on a cloudy day or at night to prevent plants from wilting in hot and dry weather.
Grow Directly in the Ground
In order to guarantee sprout rate, it is suggested to bask seeds for about three days. Also, soak the seeds in the sun with potassium permanganate solution are diluted them for 4-5 hours to kill the bacteria. And then soak the seeds and place them in a container with a wet towel, taking them out after germinating successfully for about three days.
Cover a shallow layer of soil until the seeds are completely penetrated by water, sowing 5-6 grams, and inoculate the seedbed after germination, not too dense. Keep the temperature between 20 to 25 degrees. Seedling transplanting is adopted for planting cabbage.
2. Plantation and Density
Cabbage and its roots begin to move when the soil temperature is above 5°C. Cabbage can begin to be planted in the ground when the average daily temperature reaches 6°C. The north is dry in spring, so it is mostly planted with flat borders.
In summer, it is hot and rainy. It is also possible to bring more soil with less damage to the roots, and water after planting to facilitate survival. Reasonable dense planting is one of the important technical measures to increase yield. The suitable nutrient area of cabbage should be determined according to the variety and length of the growth period.
3. Fertilizer and Moisture Management
After the cabbage is planted, it is necessary to water the seedlings with gentle water. At this time, due to the low temperature, the soil should be plowed and loosened in time after watering to maintain the ground temperature and promote the recovery and growth of the root system.
In the rosette stage, the plants must form powerful assimilation organs and absorb more water and fertilizer. I always apply 15-20kg nitrogen fertilizer per acre, and sufficient water supply to promote the growth of leaf bulbs. After the leaf ball is formed, watering should be controlled, which is conducive to store.
4. Prevent Pests
At the early stage of growth, cabbage is vulnerable to the damage of the cabbage caterpillar. It gnaws n the young leaves, which can cause severe abortion. Use low-level, low-residue, and high-efficiency pesticides for treatment. The best time to spray insecticides is in the evening. At this time, spraying can avoid changes in concentration and composition caused by sunlight, maximizing the effect of insecticides.
- About the Author
Alex Grigoryan is a Professional Home Improvement and Lifestyle Writer. He has been in the industry for over 6 years and has been writing for Chique Home Living since 2019. His work has been featured in prestigious blogs such as Spruce Home, Better Homes & Garden, and more.