According to recent reports, mold and fungal growth are pretty common in homes and buildings, especially the ones located in cool or humid places.
Mold and mildew take root in damp places and thrive on moisture, such as leaky roofs, windows, and pipes.
In fact, if not kept in check, mold might even attack paper products, drywalls, carpets, fabrics, wallpapers, ceiling tiles, and upholstery in your house.
Thus, if you start seeing slimy black spots on your shower curtain and fuzzy white ones on your basement, do not make a mistake to ignore it.
Health consequences of mold and fungal growth
Believe it or not, household mold and fungal growth are practically responsible for why your family members are falling sick regularly.
According to medical experts, mold or household fungal exposure might end up irritating your eyes, skin, throat, nose, even lungs. The allergic reactions get worse with time, especially if you or someone in your family is diagnosed with asthma or other chronic lung diseases.
Not only this, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), mold may end up triggering the production of bacteria and microbes. And that’s really not a piece of good news. Once your family members get exposed to these bacteria and microbes, they might experience an inflammatory reaction.
But the good news is that you can take some measures to steer clear of household mold and fungal growth. Some of them are listed below.
Keep in check the humidity
Reducing the moisture levels in your rooms is one of the surefire ways to eliminate and prevent mold and fungal growth. This is because mold spores can’t grow without moisture.
In order to keep your humidity levels under control, here are some things you can try.
- Consider using air conditioners and dehumidifiers during hot and humid climates. Also, experts recommend that the conditioning drip pans should be clean and the drain lines are free of obstructions to ensure the free flow of air.
- Use a hygrometer to measure the humidity levels in rooms. The indoor humidity should be below 60%, if possible.
- According to industry experts, adding proper insulation to all the cold surfaces such as windows, floors, and exterior walls can also help prevent mold growth in your home. This way, you’ll not only be keeping your house warm in chilly weather but also reducing the condensation, which in turn prevents mold growth in the house.
- In order to control humidity in your home and other damp places, you would also need to fix leaky faucets and pipes. Also, if you find water entering your house, your best bet would be to go for waterproofing and extensive excavation.
- Lastly, you should also look for adequate ventilation in your home. Open the doors, windows and use fans to reduce the chances of dampness in the corners.
Check your closet for fungal growth
Yes, walls in your home are not the only breeding ground for mold and mildew.
See, when the bacteria, mold, and mildew are left unchecked for many days, there’s a good chance that they take over your closet and spread throughout the house. And you wouldn’t want your favorite outfits to succumb to fungal growth. Right?
That’s why experts recommend homeowners opt for regular mold testing and sampling to check for the hidden fungal growth in the house. Using radio-wave moisture meters and thermal imaging cameras to check for intrusion throughout your house could be helpful in detecting mold and fungal growth.
But what if your closet is already affected by mold and mildew?
You’ll be relieved to know that removing mold and mildew from most of your fabrics is relatively easier. For this, you need to follow some steps mentioned below.
- Collect all the outfits with fungal growth and take them into fresh air as soon as possible.
- Use the hottest water recommended on the care label to wash all the fabrics.
- Add a disinfectant for better results.
- If you still find any stains of the fungal growth on your outfits, you can also use a solution of water and oxygen bleach. Soak your clothes for at least eight hours and dry them out in the sun.
- For clothes that aren’t washable, you can always get them dry cleaned by a professional cleaner. The experts know the best way to restore your clothes from the terror of mold and mildew.
Look after your precious books and paperwork
It is a well-known fact that mold and fungal growth are no friend to paper and books. And once they start attacking your books and papers, they start multiplying and end up destroying everything in the way.
But there are some steps you can take to save your precious books and paperwork from being a victim of mold and mildew attacks. Some of them are listed below.
- It would be best to trust and seek help from a professional curator for expensive books and important papers to be on a safer side.
- DO NOT TRY TO TREAT DAMP PAPERS. You might end up smearing the fungal growth and make things worse.
- Take your affected books and papers outside to air dry everything thoroughly.
- You can also consider sprinkling moisture absorbent materials such as cornstarch or silica gel between the pages and seal everything in an air-tight container.
- Once everything is all dry, use a soft paintbrush or a clean cloth and gently brush away the mold from one page at a time. You can also consider sliding a sheet of waxed paper under every page before brushing to protect the ones underneath them.
- Another way to get rid of mold from papers and books is to use a soft damped cloth with hydrogen peroxide and wipe down each page with utmost care. Make sure you allow the first page to dry completely before moving on to the next one.
In the end,
Mold and fungal growth deteriorate your home’s overall appearance and indoor air quality. And as outlined above, some of them are even toxic and are a threat to the health of your family members.
Thus, it would be best to keep a check on mold and fungal growth in your home.