Gardens are a beautiful part of the house. Nowadays people reserve land space in their buildings where they can set up gardens and plant varieties of things.
If you are looking to set up a garden, then you just landed on the right article. In this article, you will find the step-by-step process of setting up an outdoor garden in your home, from scratch.
Choose what you want to plant
The first thing you want to do before setting up your garden is to decide what you wish to plant in the garden. You can grow herbs, vegetables, flowers, fruits, and whatever interests you. You can choose to grow one solely or combine it with another. However, while choosing what to plant, consider the land area, as well as the life span of the plant. Fruits take a longer period to grow compared to vegetables.
Also consider the usefulness, if you intend to grow vegetables, ensure that they are the types that you or your family can consume. Planting something you can’t consume can be a waste of time except if you are planting for fun or planting for sale. Flowers are very common garden plants. But to grow flowers you have to determine whether they are annuals which will require you to replant after their bloom time or perennials that can regrow on their own.
Get a good site for the garden
Now that you have decided what you want to plant, it’s time to pick a good spot for the garden. If you have a little space in your house for planting then your options may be limited so you may have to just go with what you have. But if you have enough land mass then you have to choose which is best to site your garden. Check the land area and look out for sites with the highest exposure to sunlight, and is accessible to water.
Plants need sunlight and water to grow, although at varying levels. Also, check the soil type and suitability for the kind of thing you want to plant, although most people ignore this step, it goes a long way to determine how well your plant will thrive. Check for the exposure of the plants to pests and predators. Also, considering the demographic features of the land area, gardens are best sited on plain grounds. However, if the available space is on a sloppy ground, then you could build a retaining wall to protect the land structure.
Fence the garden site
This step may not be necessary if you already have a fence around your house, and the garden is located in it. But if your house is in an open space you may have to fence the garden to keep predators out. It may not seem necessary at the start, but when your plants start germinating they will require more protection at that point. Also, if you are planting only flowers fencing may not be needed. Your flowers are meant to beautify so there’s no reason to hide them.
Prepare the site
You have the land, so let’s start prepping. This step can be a lot of work, it will require a lot of your time and energy. So first, you have to get rid of weeds. If the area is occupied by trees or shrubs you will have to cut them down to create an open space for planting. Once the weeds are out you can start improving the fertility of the soil by composting.
Soil loses its nutrients through several means, so it is important to replace the lost nutrient before planting. As a prior step to this, you could test the fertility of the soil first before you begin the composting. Soil testing is a very useful process for planting.
It allows you to determine the level of nutrients that are present in the soil. After testing, you can start laying your compost. There are several methods for doing this, however, a very efficient method is to cover the land area with sheets of newspaper and then spread your compost over the sheets.
Leave it for about four months for the compost and the paper to decompose after which you have a very fertile soil to start planting. However, this process takes time so if you are not willing to wait for that long a time, you could use short methods of composting.
Work on the planting beds
Working on the prepared bed can help to loosen the soil and mix in the decomposed matter. Use a spade to dig out the soil to just a few inches, about six to eight. This process will help the roots of the plant to grow well and be able to easily access water and nutrients in the soil. But while doing this, avoid digging too deep so you don’t damage the soil structure.
Plant your seedlings, and water
Now you can start planting your seedlings. Take note of the spacing, you can consult an expert on the best type of spacing for your plant. After planting, leave the seedlings to grow. Ensure that the seedlings do not grow on dry land, water the soil regularly, most preferably daily. But this depends on the type of plant, the weather condition, and the texture of the soil. Water dries out more quickly for sandy soils, and in hot weather.
It is more retained in clay soil and in cool or cold weather, which is why is better to water in the morning. When you water the soil, make sure that it sinks into the ground and does not run off. If it rains overnight, avoid watering the soil in the morning and wait until the ground is a bit dry before doing so. If there is frequent rainfall, reduce the rate at which you water the soil.
Continue monitoring the growth
Continuous care for your plant will involve processes like mulching, weeding, and if necessary applying fertilizer. Advanced processes like trimming, for flowers can begin when they are fully grown. Mulching helps to retain the moisture in the soil by reducing water loss through evaporation.
And there you have it, your outdoor garden is all set up. But that is just the start of the work, the rest lies in the maintenance. You have to put in the effort to ensure that your plants grow. Water regularly, get rid of weeds and pests, remove dead and diseased plants, and don’t forget to harvest when the time is right. That’s when the hard work pays off.
- About the Author
Alex Grigoryan is a Professional Home Improvement and Lifestyle Writer. He has been in the industry for over 6 years and has been writing for Chique Home Living since 2019. His work has been featured in prestigious blogs such as Spruce Home, Better Homes & Garden, and more.