Banana trees are divided into numerous types such as the Gran Nain Banana Tree or the Dward Cavendish, and while they visibly seem like trees, they are technically plants. This distinction is clear because these plants do not have a wooden stem. On the contrary, they have plump trunks facing upwards, which emit huge, deep green leaves. These trees particularly appeal to the sense of aesthetics in the spring when beautiful flowers spout among the fresh-looking yellow or green fruit.
These trees are perfect for growth regardless of your yard’s size. These are likely to fit into small green spaces. Banana trees can even make wonderful house plants with adequate light. However, these house plants may be aesthetically pleasing but are not likely to grow fruit.
How To Grow A Banana Tree
Banana trees normally grow fast, and the ideal weather to plant them is in the spring. These trees are generally best for warm climates. However, as mentioned above, there are numerous banana trees, and this range also includes cold-hardy banana trees.
Now, let’s get down to the planting process of these banana trees. If you aim to give these plants a place to grow outdoors, it is essential to pick the perfect place. Since these banana trees require a certain amount of growth after they are planted, opting for the right planting site will make taking care of the tree much more convenient.
The ideal surrounding to nurture a banana tree would be a planting site where the plant is kept away from heavy winds because its delicate leaves are prone to damage. Growing it begins by preparing your planting area by submerging compost in the soil. Moreover, when choosing a planting site, make sure you choose an area with adequate space for the tree to grow in height and width for the chosen species.
As the growth phase proceeds, the period between spring and fall puts the bananas in their water-hogging period. During this phase, you may be required to water the plant every day, particularly during high-temperature weather, to ensure that you can sustain a certain level of moisture within the soil.
Moreover, this season will require you to fertilize the planting site consistently. These plants spout in the late summer in a clump, which is known as a hand. Once the fruit grows into a green and plump appearance, you can cut it off the trunk and keep it in a cold, dry surrounding to complete the ripening process.
How To Take Care Of A Banana Tree
Certain optimal conditions are essential when you’ve taken up the project of growing and taking care of a banana tree. Let’s get into it, shall we?
The basic requirement for the majority of banana trees is that they grow in optimal sun lighting, which means a minimum of 6 hours’ worth of direct sunlight for a major chunk of the period. On the contrary, some types of banana trees can burn due to too much heat or light and grow optimally in a shaded area.
The optimal soil for banana trees is deep and rich in nutrients with adequate drainage and a relatively high acidity pH. Common trends suggest that these plants don’t react well to soil with a lot of salt.
Essentially, banana trees are tropical and come from rainforests. Therefore, they require a large amount of water and high moisture in the air. Moreover, they grow optimally when harvested in clumps located in close proximity. Therefore, we recommend consistent watering of the plant and the soil to ensure high, evenly distributed moisture content. However, keep a balance when watering the soil because you don’t want it to get soggy because this may cause the plant’s root to rot.
Humidity And Temperature
The optimal weather conditions for these banana trees are humid and warm climates. However, these blossom in relatively moderate temperatures because extremes can largely impact their growth. For example, dry and cold climates can lead the plants to become lifeless.
Therefore, these trees heavily feed on the soil and require moderately fertilized soil. This means, you should submerge compost within the soil yearly to increase the scale of organic matter.
Steps Involved In The Care Process
Let’s look at the different processes needed to take care of the trees. These include:
- Pruning: Before growing fruit on the tree, you should prune it so that it is left with only one stem. Leave a small section at the stem base once it has grown for 6-8 months. This replaces the central stem in the following growing season
- Propagating: This step involves the division of the plant into separate pieces with a sharp knife or spade. Before this stage, ensure that the plant is a minimum of 3 feet with its own set of roots. Once the piece is separated from the main stem, wait for the main section to dry for 24 hours
- Repotting And Potting: Optimal growth of banana trees requires a minimum pot size of 15 gallons. The essentials of the pot include holes for drainage and a highly organic soil mix. This process, however, requires extensive watering.
Therefore, maintain a warm and humid temperature thoroughly, water your banana trees without overwatering, and keep them in adequate lighting for the best results. These plants may be fast-growing and low maintenance, but they are worth the beauty and taste at the end of it all.