Different Types of Wood You Can Use For Home Decor

Wood is one of the natural resources most used by man, thanks to its versatility in all aspects. The construction field considers different types of wood for structural, finishing, complementary, and furniture works. Wood is a renewable resource, abundant, organic, inexpensive, and manageable.

The destination and end-use of the wood are vital when choosing from among the different types of wood. Some factors to consider are environmental conditions, color, and wood flow.

Below is an explanation of some types of wood, you can utilize for your home.


Types of plywood

There are several types of plywood. Plywood is mostly used in the construction of boards. Below are some types:

Chipboard panel

The best and most commonly used in the furniture industry. Chipboard panels are great for sofas and chairs.

MDF panel

This type of plywood is used for flooring and furniture. It has a great capacity to mold and does not wick humidity, so it lasts for longer.

Plywood panel

Plywood panels can be used for furniture and flooring in porches and patios, however, they are also workable for home interiors.

Marine Plywood

If you live near the seashore or in a place where it rains a lot, marine plywood may be your choice. It has waterproof properties that make it extremely resistant.

Phenolic Formaleta

Phenolic formaleta is one of the different types of wood suitable for exteriors or structures that are mostly exposed to the environment. So, it is also one of the most resistant. You can use phenolic formaleta (films) in the construction of walls. Do not use it for interiors.



Types of hardwood

What distinguishes hardwood from the different types of wood is its origin. Hardwood generally costs more and stems from trees that take longer to reach adulthood. Treating this wood may be difficult because it is hard. Here are some types of hardwood:



Walnut wood: for interior wall and floor coverings, interior carpentry such as doors, windows, moldings, friezes…

Elmwood: it is considered a very valuable wood in Europe, used in furniture and also for cabinetmaking, carving, and making musical instruments. It is also ideal for veneers.

Mahogany wood: Mahogany wood has a wide variety of uses and applications, being frequently used in the manufacture of furniture, tables, chairs, cabinets, turned, and carved furniture. It is also intended for coatings, moldings, skirting boards, friezes, windows, and doors.

Cherry wood: it is flexible and resistant. Besides, it resists humidity and takes longer to get rotten than other hardwood types. It is one of the favorite hardwoods for home décor.

Oakwood: oak is normally used for flooring. It can withstand the passing of time and is easy to work with.

Olive wood: it is beautiful and durable. It is the favorite material of many architects and interior designers to carry out small private projects and large public works.

Acacia wood

This tree provides one of the most resistant woods to climatic interference, which can be used in architectural processes.



Ebony wood

The most common is to see ebony wood in high-quality furniture. This use has been so widespread over time that the art of making quality furniture gets its name from here; cabinetmaking.



Live edge wood

According to wood craftsmen, “live edge”, also known as “natural edge”, refers to the living part of the tree, in other words, the outer rings. Working with a live edge implies respect for wood as a living entity, which is a principle that woodworkers must hold towards the different types of wood. A natural edge slab that exposes its natural shape can lead to a fruitful brainstorming process for every design.



Sheesham wood

Even though Sheesham can be used for high-end cabinets and furniture, the shortage of large quantities of Sheesham plywood and lumber means that the use of Sheesham is somewhat restricted to specialty items such as twists, carvings, plaques, novelties, marquetry, and inlays.



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White wood

The great virtue of this material is that it allows achieving any appearance at a minimum price: pure white, gloss, white veins, sand, marble, and even the appearance of stripping and imitation of veins.

As for boards, we find several options: chipboards, MDF, and plywood. Each of these has different characteristics and uses.



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Koa wood

Koa is difficult to work or brush, but also sculpts well and polishes to a high gloss, used for carving, boats, canoes, surfboards, top veneers. Commercially, koa is one of the most expensive among the different types of wood. It is used to make furniture, veneers, and crafts.



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Burl wood

The grain patterns are adherent and create natural designs. For this reason, it is widely used in decoration and wall cladding.


Sapele wood

Sapele wood is the one that is most frequently used when looking for reddish tones. It is a relatively abundant tropical wood, so it is not excessively pricey compared to the different types of wood that are also tropical.

It is used especially for the manufacture of furniture, wood veneers, and for the manufacture of parquet. It has a distinctly reddish hue, tending to brown, which gradually darkens over time. It is not a difficult wood to work, although it can pose a problem for some mechanization tasks.



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Spruce wood

Spruce, known as red fir or false fir, is currently one of the most widely used woods along with the pine. It is widely used for structural elements, either as solid wood or to make laminated pieces of wood.



Black wood

It is a species of high wood value since it has interesting characteristics such as a very dark brown color and a beautiful grain. This is one of the different types of wood that are mainly used as a decorative element for interior cladding, furniture, joinery, turnery, manufacture of billiard tables, flats, musical instruments…


How to choose good wood?

When choosing between the different types of wood, it is necessary to look into some criteria: defects in the wood, hardness, grades, etc.

If you seek to buy wood that lasts for many years, does not deform or crack under pressure and blows, and is hard to scratch, you should choose hardwood even if it costs much more than a soft one.

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